ARCHEVITES (ar'kē-vīts). Colonists in Samaria who complained to Artaxerxes when the Jews began rebuilding Jerusalem (Ezra.4.9). They are identified in NIV as the men of Erech. ARCHEVITES är’ kə vīts (אַרְכְּוָי, H10074). People from the Babylonian city of Erech (Uruk) who with the Persians, Babylonians, Elamites, and others were transplanted by Ashurbanipal, or Osnappar, to the cities of Samaria and other parts of the province (Ezra 4:9, 10).