ARAD (ā'răd, Heb. ‘ărādh)
A descendant of Benjamin (
ARAD â’ ăd (עֲרָד, LXX ̓Αράδ; wild ass, fugitive). 1. A city in the NE Negeb some seventeen m. S of Hebron and about the same distance W of Masada. The city occupied an excellent strategic position in the middle of a wide, gently rolling plain. The Tell indicates that Arad was a center of civilization as early as the fourth millennium b.c. and again in Abrahamite times. The archeological evidence also implies that Arad was a city of stone and brick with defensive walls by the 10th cent. b.c.
The city of Arad is mentioned only four times in the OT (
2. A descendant of Benjamin through Beriah (
On 1. see N. Glueck, Rivers in the Desert: A History of the Negev (1959), 49-53 and passim; Y. Aharoni and R. Amiran, “The Problem of Canaanite Arad,” IEJ, XIV (1964), 144-147.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(2) One of the descendants of Elpaal the son of Shaharaim, mentioned among the descendants of Benjamin (
Willis J. Beecher