“Jupiter”) (1722-1805. Scottish minister. Born in a Dumfriesshire manse, he studied at Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Leyden universities, was ordained as minister of Inveresk in 1746, and held that charge until his death. Having earned his nickname because of his imposing appearance, he walked in high social circles, was a brilliant conversationalist, scandalized many by going openly to the theater, and played cards at home “with unlocked doors.” He seems, however, to have carried out his pastoral duties zealously, and he championed many good causes in the general assembly, whose moderator he was in 1770. During his many visits south of the border he attended services as a matter of course. His Autobiography (1860) is a fascinating commentary on his times.