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Aleksei Stepanovich Khomyakov

1804-1860. Russian philosopher and theologian. A member of the landed gentry, he was graduated from the University of Moscow in 1822. He was an officer in a cavalry regiment before traveling to France, Italy, Switzerland, and Austria. From 1828 to 1829 he served in a hussar regiment during the Russo-Turkish War. In 1830 he retired to his estates of Bogucharov and Lipitzy where he tried to improve the conditions of his serfs and eventually advocated the abolition of serfdom. He spent his winters in Moscow where he was active in the intellectual life of the salons. In 1847 he traveled to Germany and Bohemia. His writings cover a wide range of subjects from tragedy and poetry to philosophy and theology.