1833-?. General superintendent of Canadian Methodism. After a brief period as a high school teacher, he was appointed in 1858 as principal of Albert College, Belleville, the major educational institution of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and soon secured for it a place within the federated structure of the University of Toronto. Ten years later he became chancellor, and in 1873 he became the bishop of his denomination. Despite his responsibilities in a circuit-riding church, he was also a moving force in the founding of Alma Ladies College in St. Thomas. In 1884, when Canadian Methodism united, Carman was chosen superintendent, and his great gifts of administration and leadership resulted in his being reelected repeatedly and continuing in office until 1915. He was deeply involved in Christian social action and latterly was a doughty opponent of theological liberalism. In 1899 and 1907 his opposition forced G.B. Workman to be relieved of his OT post in two Methodist institutions, and in 1909 he engaged in controversy with George Jackson, whose views he believed were erroneous and would weaken the doctrinal basis of the burgeoning church union movement.