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Acrostic

ACROSTIC ə krôs’ tĭk (Gr. ἀκροστιχίς, from ἄκρος, top, extremity, and στίχος, line of verse.) A poem in which the first letters of consecutive lines or stanzas form words, or an alphabet. The OT contains fourteen acrostic poems, in which the twenty-two letter Heb. alphabet appears, with slight variations, at the beginning of: Each line, of 1 line vv. (Lam 3) Each line, or each half of 2-line vv. (Pss 111, 112) Each v.: every second line of 2 line vv. (Pss 25, 34, 119, 145; Prov 31:10-31; Lam 4). Every second line, or each half of 4-line vv. (Nah 1:2-10) Each v.: every third line of 3-line vv. (Lam 1, 2) Every fourth line, or every two vv. of 2-line vv. (Pss 9, 10, 37) A strophic arrangement, in which each letter begins three successive vv., appears in Lamentations 3 (total, 66 vv.); or eight successive vv., in Psalm 119 (total, 176 vv.). The order of letters in the Sem. alphabet is now known to date back to Mosaic times (15th cent. b.c., Ugarit), confirming the possible ant