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Problems of Harmonization between the Synoptics and John

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Lesson

Continuing the purpose of the previous chapter, Blomberg looks at specific harmonization problems between the Synoptics and the Gospel of John.

Outline

I. OMISSIONS AND SINGLY ATTESTED MATERIAL

A. Only 20& of John’s materials parallels the Synoptics

B. John did not want to duplicate commonly-known information

II. THEOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES

A. Christology (“I AM” sayings)

B. Other themes (e.g., presence of eternal life)

III. CHRONOLOGICAL PROBLEMS

A. Overall outline of John

3 year ministry and the 46 years to rebuild the temple

B. Specific (“apparent”) dislocations

“Let us leave”

C. Passion Narrative

Was Jesus crucified on the Day of Preparation (Thursday) or Passover (Friday)?

IV. ALLEGED HISTORICAL DISCREPANCIES

Temple cleansing (2 options)

V. JOHANNINE STYLE

A. Extended discourses

1. Kernel teaching reminiscent of a Synoptic saying

2. “Johannine Thunderbolt” (Matt 11:25–27)

3. Abbreviations with careful structure

4. Conceptual parallels

B. Language indistinguishable throughout

1. Role of Holy Spirit/Paraclete

2. John’s years of preaching in his own idiom