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Basic Introductory Matters for Job

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Lesson

Because there is nothing specific in the text that tells you when the book of Job was written, the sections in Job that allude to other passages of scripture give you some helpful clues. The structure of the book of Job focuses your attention on the main subject of the book which is God’s wisdom.

Outline

I. Date and Authorship

A. No evidence in the text of when Job was written

B. Job alludes to passages from other books of the Bible

II. Basic Outline

A. The prologue which describes Job’s affliction (Chapters 1-2)

B. Job curses the day of his birth (Chapter 3)

C. Three cycles of debate (Chapters 4-27)

D. The inaccessibility of wisdom (Chapter 28)

E. The three major speeches (Chapters 29-41)

F. Job intercedes for the three friends (42:7-9)

G. Restoration of Job's prosperity

III. Chiastic Structure

A. Job’s affliction (1-2)

B. Job curses the day of his birth (3)

C. The three cycles of debate (4-27)

D. The inaccessibility of wisdom (28)

C’. The three major speeches (29:1-42:6)

B’. Job intercedes for the three friends (42:7-9)

A’. Job’s prosperity (42:10-17)

IV. Unity and Integrity of the book of Job

A. Some scholars assert that portions of the book are later additions

1. Prologue and epilogue

2. Elihu speeches

B. The book makes no sense without the prologue and epilogue

C. Elihu's statement is critical to the argument of the book of Job

V. Conclusion

The Bible Project