Lecture 24: The Doctrine of the Church (Part 6)
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Different denominations have chosen different models of hierarchy and leadership based on their understanding of Scripture. The two ordinances of the Church are Baptism and the Lord's Supper. They are ordained by Christ, point to the Cross, and are to be done in remembrance of what He has done for us.
Doctrine of the Church (part 6)
e. Ordinances in the Church
a) Purpose: symbol of the person’s identification with Christ whose teaching they embrace as their own.
b) Efficacy of baptism: It has no merit in terms of attaining salvation.
c) Subjects of baptism: Only for those who have believed on Christ as the basis of their salvation, not for infants.
- no infant baptism in the New Testament
- practice of the early church did not include infant Baptism
- two covenant signs meant to be signs of two different things
d) Mode of Baptism: Greek work means “to dip.”
2) The Lord’s Supper
a) Transubstantiation (Catholic View): A miracle takes place so that substance of bread and wine becomes the substance of the blood and body of Christ.
b) Consubstantiation (Lutheran View): A miracle takes place so that the substance of the body and blood of Christ is joined in, with, and under the substance of the bread and wine.
c) Reformed view. No miracle occurs it is simply the use bread and wine. However, there is a mystic presence of Christ that is a part of partaking in the Lord’s supper.
d) The memorial view: Jesus wanted the Lord’s Supper to be a memorial of his death on the cross for us. “This do in remembrance of me.”
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