The Islamic Sharia | Free Online Bible Classes

Lecture 14: The Islamic Sharia

Login to download lecture and curriculum

Please create a free account and login to be able to download the lecture and curriculum (if any). All content is free and you can attend the lecture without logging in, but we do request that you login to download.

Create account    Login


Sharia is Islamic religious law which regulates both public and private aspects of life.


The Islamic Sharia


I.  Great Hadith Passage #1: “The Night Journey and Miraj”


II.  Components of Sharia

A.  Definition of Sharia

B.  Ijma as a third guiding principle beyond Qur'an and Hadith

1.  The relationship of Ijma to Shura

2.  The relationship of Ijtihad to Ijma

C.  Historical Discursive: Ijma evolves into Law: 700 - 900 A. D.

1.  Four major leaders

a.  Abu Hanifa (d. 767) Hanifi School of Law

b.  Malik ibn Anas (d. 796) Malikite School of Law

c.  Muhammad al-Shafi (d. 819) Shafite School of Law

d.  Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855) Hanbalite School of Law

2.  The emergence of Fiqh and Kalam

3.  The Islamic Ulama / Mujtahid and the “gate of Ijtihad”

D.  Lesser Components of Sharia

1.  Fatwa (legal opinion)

2.  Qiya (analogy)


III.  Sharia Structure in Sunni and Shia

A.  Overall sources of legal framework

1.  Sunni: Qur'an + Hadith + Ijma (open or closed?)

also, Qiya and Fatwa

2.  Shia: Qur'an + Hadith + Imam

also, Qiya and Fatwa

B.  Categories of Sharia

1.  Two fold

a.  Duties to God (ritual)

b.  Duties to others (social)

2.  Five fold

a.  Obligatory

b.  Recommended

c.  Indifferent

d.  Objectionable

e.  Prohibited

If you are enjoying this lecture, would you consider making a donation so others can learn from it as well?

Please donate now

BiblicalTraining is a non-profit and relies on its users for support.


54 min

Sharing Links