Lecture 18: Ephesians
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Paul describes to the followers of Jesus in Ephesus, who they are in Christ, and the ethical implications for how they should live their daily lives.
Letters of Paul
VII. Ephesians: Unity in Diversity as a Witness to the "Powers"
A. Ephesians Outline [General]
1. Theological exposition: The blessings of salvation (Chapters 1-3)
2. Ethical implications (Chapters 4-6)
B. Ephesians Outline [Detailed]
1. Greetings (1:1-2) – recall encyclical theory
2. Theological exposition: The blessings of salvation (1:3-3:21) – all one large prayer?
a. Praise God for blessings in the Trinity (1:3-14)
b. Prayer for understanding of hope and power (1:15-23)
c. The certainty of salvation (2:1-10)
i. The future as past: Co-resurrected and exalted (2:1-7)
ii. The past as present: Saved by grace which produces works (2:8-10)
d. The reconciliation of salvation (2:11-3:21)
i. Unity of Jews and Gentiles (2:11-22)
ii. Paul's stewardship of this unity (chapter 3)
3. Ethical implications (Chapters 4-6)
a. Growing up into Christian Unity (4:1-16)
i. The source is the Trinity (1-6)
ii. The method is the gifts of the Spirit (7-16)
b. Walking in Christian morality (4:17-5:16)
i. Putting on new person – renewing image of God (4:17-24)
ii. Putting off old person – falsehood (4:25-5:16)
c. Knowing God's will: the filling of the Spirit (5:17-6:9)
i. The main commands (5:17-18), fleshed out as:
ii. Praising God (v. 19)
iii. Giving thanks for everything (v. 20)
iv. Observing relationships of authority (5:21-6:9)
d. Standing firm against demonic realm (6:10-17)
i. Struggle in the "heavenlies" (10-12)
ii. Resistance through God's armor (13-18)
e. Concluding comments (6:19-23)
C. Spiritual Warfare in Ephesians
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