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Sermon on the Mount

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The Sermon on the Mount shows how the teachings of the Kingdom of God relate to the OT Law. It also includes additional NT teachings and a model prayer.


Public Ministry

Part 6

III. Sermon on the Mount

A. New Testament teachings

1. Jesus blesses the poor in spirit

2. Being salt of the earth and light of the world

3. What's wrong with these interpretations?

B. The Role of Old Testament Law in the New Testament Age

1. Keep only that which New Testament repeats (dispensationalism)

2. All Old Testament applies BUT only as it is fulfilled in Christ

3. Abolish only that which New Testament rejects (covenant theology)

C. The Application of Old Testament Law in New Testament Times

1. Specific Old Testament command

2. Theological principle involved

3. Fulfillment in Christ

4. Corresponding New Testament principle

5. Specific application for today

D. The Tripartite Antitheses of the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5:21-48)

1. Do not murder – Do not be angry – Be reconciled

2. No adultery – Do not lust – Flee temptation

3. Divorce legally – Do not divorce

4. Don't break oaths – Don't make oaths – Go extra mile

5. Love neighbor; hate enemy – Don't hate enemy but love – Pray for persecutors

E. Additional New Testament Teachings

1. Don't let your left hand know what your right hand is doing (Matthew 6:1-4)

2. Giving (Matthew 6:25-34)

3. Judge not lest you be judged (Matthew 7:1)

4. Cults (Matthew 7:15-23)

F. The Disciples' Model Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13)

1. Focus on God (vv. 9-10)

a. Recognize him as intimate – Our Father

b. Recognize him as transcendent and holy

c. Pray for his kingship

d. Pray for his will

2. Focus on people (vv. 11-13)

a. Basic physical needs – daily

b. Spiritual needs – deeds

3. Condition repeated (vv. 14-15)

G. Jesus' Sermon vs. the Jewish Parties

1. Not through violence (vs. Zealots)

2. Not through Torah (vs. Pharisees)

3. Not through patriotism (vs. Sadducees)

4. Not through monasticism (vs. Essenes)

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