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Introduction to John

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Much of the material of the Gospel of John is unique, compared to the other 3 Gospel accounts. Some of John's account alternates between recording a sign that Jesus performs with a discourse about a certain subject. Chapter 12 to the end of the Gospel covers the final days of Jesus' life on earth.



Part 4

IV. Introduction to John

A. Ministry of Jesus: Witness by John

B. Common Kerygma

C. Apostolic reflection: homiletical elaboration in John's community

1. Signs source

2. Discourse source?

3. Passion source? (Mark)

D. First draft of the Fourth Gospel

1. Jewish persecution

2. Incipient Gnosticism

E. Death of John?

F. Final redaction of Gospel in John's community

G. An Outline of John

1. Prologue (1:1-18)

2. The Testimony of John and the Disciples (1:19-51)

3. The Testimony of Signs and Discourses (2:1-11:57)

a. Sign #1: Water into Wine (2:1-11)

b. Discourse #1: Born Again (2:12-3:36)

c. Discourse #2: Living Water (4:1-42)

d. Sign #2: The Official's Son (4:43-54)

e. Sign #3: Healing the Paralytic (5:1-15)

f. Discourse #3: Imitating the Father (5:16-47)

g. Sign #4: Feeding the 5,000 (6:1-15)

h. Sign #5: Walking on Water (6:16-24)

i. Discourse #4: Bread of Life (6:25-71)

j. Discourse #5: Light of the World (7:1-8:59)

k. Sign #6: The Man Born Blind (9:1-41)

l. Discourse #6: The Good Shepherd (10:1-21)

m. Discourse #7: Oneness with the Father (10:22-42)

n. Sign #7: Raising Lazarus (11:1-57)

4. The Testimony of Death and Resurrection (12:1-20:31)

a. Anointing at Bethany (12:1-11)

b. Entry to Jerusalem (12:12-50)

c. Final Passover (13:1-17:26)

d. Arrest, Trials and Crucifixion (18:1-19:42)

e. Resurrection (20:1-29)

f. Purpose of the Gospel (20:30-31)

5. The Reinstatement of Peter (21:1-23)

6. Epilogue (21:24-25)

H. John and the Synoptics

1. Literary Relationship

a. Dependent, supplementary?

b. Independent, thus so different?

c. Bauckham's mediating view

2. John's Knowledge of Synoptic Information

a. John 3:24 and Mark 6:14-29

b. John 11:2 and Mark 14:9

c. John 18:24, 28 and Mark 14:53-65

3. "Interlocking" – John Clarifies Synoptics

a. Mark 14:49/Matt. 23:37 and John's Outline

b. Mark 14:58-59 and John 2:19

c. Mark 15:1-3 and John 18:31

d. Mark 1:16-20 and John 1:35-42

I. Contemporary Application of the Gospels

1. Mark – suffering servant/discipleship in light of our weak theologies of suffering

2. Matthew – Jesus as ethical teacher in light of unethical world

3. Luke – rich/poor; compassion for outcasts in light of socio-economic disparities

4. John – highest Christology in light of today's pluralism

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