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Lesson

The intellectual background of Thomas Aquinas was influenced by the discovery of ancient manuscripts, the rise of universities, the rise of religious brotherhoods and the rise of Muslim philosophy.

Outline

Thomistic Philosophy

Part 1
 

I. Intellectual Background to Thomas Aquinas

A. The Rise of Muslim Philosophy

1. Averroes

a. Denied Creation

b. Denied Personal Survival After Death

c. Double Theory of Truth

2. Latin Averroists

a. Siger of Brabant

b. Paul Tillich (20th Century)

B. Discovery of Ancient Manuscripts

C. Rise of Religious Brotherhoods

1. Franciscans

2. Dominicans

D. Rise of Universities