A Guide to Christian Theology - Lesson 37

The Future

An overview of the views on the Tribulation and the Millennium.

Gerry Breshears
A Guide to Christian Theology
Lesson 37
Watching Now
The Future


A. Dispensational View

B. Progressive Dispensational View

C. Pre-millennial View

D. Amillennial View


A. Pre-tribulational

B. Mid-tribulational

C. Post-tribulational

All Lessons
Class Resources
  • There are two approaches to systematic theology: the deductive approach and the inductive approach. Find out how these two approaches differ and you need to understand each one.

  • We serve a personal God who speaks, telling us about himself and ourselves and the world around us. There are two types of ways that God reveals himself: general revelation and special revelation. In this lecture, you'lll discover what God says about himself through creation and your conscience.

  • Special revelation is a combination of the life of God revealed in his works and the words of God that tells us the significance and meaning of those acts. Discover how God reveals himself through special revelation and what we can know about him.

  • Know why the inspiration and inerrancy of Scripture is foundational to an overall understanding of the Bible.

  • Learn how to deal with ambiguous passages in the Bible, why the Bible is silent on many issues, and whether God still speaks today.

  • Discover the names of God, their meanings, and their significance. 

  • Learn about the characteristics of God, including his compassion, grace, patience, love, faithfulness, forgiveness, justice, jealousy, and holiness.

  • Learn about the characteristics of God, including his constancy, his omniscience, and his omnipotence.

  • Understand what it means that God is three persons, but still one God.

  • Learn about some key terms in systematic theology, including freedom, sovereignty, and election. 

  • Understand both Armenian and Calvinist perspectives on the doctrine of election.

  • Understand the difference between naturalism and creationism, and know the four approaches to Genesis. At this time, there is no sound after 20:30. 

  • Discussion on the three views of providence.

  • A continued discussion on providence, emphasizing that God is faithful to his promises.

  • An overview of the doctrine of humankind, including their origin, the biblical definition of spirit and soul, and the relationship between body and spirit.

  • A biblical definition of image of God.

  • An overview of sin, including its origin and essence.

  • A continued discussion on sin, including its consequences and degrees.

  • An overview of the deity and humanity of Christ.

  • A continued overview of the deity and humanity of Christ.

  • An overview of the life of Christ.

  • An overview of the Holy Spirit, including the role of the Holy Spirit.

  • A continued overview of the Holy Spirit, including what it means to be filled with Holy Spirit.

  • An overview of spiritual gifts, with emphasis on prophecy and tongues.

  • An overview of salvation and how people come into a relationship with God.

  • An overview of grace.

  • An overview of conversion, regeneration, and justification.

  • An overview of sanctification.

  • An overview of perseverance and security.

  • An overview of the church, including its definition, the priesthood of all believers, and the role of church in culture.

  • A continued overview of the church, including denominations and church government.

  • An overview of church polity, or simply how things get done in the church.

  • An overview of baptism.

  • An overview of communion, including the three views on the elements and various church traditions surrounding its administration.

  • An overview of death, including what happens after death and the prospect of future rewards.

  • An overview of God’s kingdom, including its present and future state.

  • An overview of the views on the Tribulation and the Millennium.

  • An overview of the eternal state, including the final judgment, hell, and the new heaven and earth.

  • A brief encouragement to church leaders.

  • A further discussion on the Bible, including translations, its authority, prophecy, and canon.

Understand the core topics of systematic theology, from what we know about God to the future state of humankind. Special emphasis is given to such topics as Christ, salvation, the church, and the future.

<p>Course: <a href="https://www.biblicaltraining.org/guide-christian-theology/gerry-breshea…; target="_blank">A Guide to Christian Theology</a></p>

<p>Lecture: <a href="https://www.biblicaltraining.org/millenium/introduction-systematic-theo…; target="_blank">Millennium</a></p>

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<p>This is the 37th lecture in the online series of lectures on a Guide to Christian Theology by Dr Breshears. Recommended Reading includes: Biblical References from the Course and Study Guides 1 &ndash; 39.</p>

<p>(Any slides, photos, study guides or outlines that the lecturer refers to should be down loaded separately. If they are not available, you may be able to find something similar using the Google&copy; search engine.)</p>

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<p>(Please Note that this lecture is almost a repeat of Lecture 36)</p>

<h2>I. The Setting Up of Israel</h2>

<p>We just finished discussing God&rsquo;s Kingdom and the Millennium but now I want to discuss the Millennium and out relationship as God&rsquo;s people to it. So we have the return of Christ which is going to happen and so what about the Millennium? How do we understand this? In the Old Testament in Ezekiel 36:24 again, God is going to take his people out of the nations and put them back in their land. God will cleanse them and put his Spirit in them. As mentioned before this is a time of universal peace and righteousness. So this Millennium is related to a time where Israel is gathered together in their land and it is also in a context of spiritual renewal. It will also be the exclusive worship of Yahweh. This is covered in the Book of Revelation 20 where it mentions a thousand years. Also millennium means one thousand from Latin which is from Revelation and most people see this as a symbolic number in regards to a period of time rather than a literal thousand years. The key is not the thousand years but instead being universal peace and righteousness where God will be worshipped exclusively.</p>

<h2>II. One Thousand Years</h2>

<p>There is the idea of Jesus coming back before the millennium but there is also an idea that the millennium will happen because of the Gospel will be preached everywhere and then Jesus will come back afterwards. This is Post Millennium. Again the A-millennialists say that there is no earthly righteousness and peace as such. This will be accomplished spiritually and not physically. The historical pre-millennium says that there will be a millennium under Christ&rsquo;s reign but no regathering of Israel, no special place for them and this would be under what is called progressive dispensationists. Some people think that biblical law should be set to help prepare us for the coming of Christ. Antony Hu Kuma argued that these Old Testament promises are typological, not a millennium as such but it is speaking of the New Earth. We saw in Ezekiel 36 the regathering of Israel and a time of spiritual restoration all mixed together. . In Acts 1 Jesus is preaching the Kingdom of God for forty days and while staying with them he tells them not to depart Jerusalem but wait to be baptized with the Holy Spirit. So in verse 6, they asked will you restore the kingdom to Israel but Jesus said only God knows this but now you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you. So the restoration will come later as indicated by Jesus in his answer to the disciples. So I think Jesus is saying by this that there will be a restoration of the Kingdom of Israel will happen later but spiritual renewal will happen now.</p>

<h2>III. The Tribulation</h2>

<p>And of course as discussed, there is a picture in 2nd Thessalonians 2 and Jeremiah 31 and other passages saying that a time of great tribulation is going to happen and an extreme tribulation at the end of the age. But there has been tribulation for Christians since the time of Jesus. As mentioned there are three major views of tribulation: Pre, Mid and Post Tribulation with some thinking in terms of pan-tribulation where everything will work out. Within the pre-tribulation and mid-tribulation, the second coming is in two part, first the collection of the church and then the final judgement whereas in post tribulation there will be Jesus meeting up with the Christians and coming to earth for the final judgement.</p>

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