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The Law: Covenant Structure

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In this lesson, the concept of a covenant is defined as a legal binding agreement between two parties. In the ancient world there were many covenants. There
were covenants between individuals, and even between nations. For example, a superior ruling king would make a covenant with a lesser vassal king. Covenants in the ancient near east contained the following six elements.


The Law:  Covenant Structure


I.  Definition of a Covenant


II.  Six Elements

A.  Preamble

B.  Prologue

C.  Stipulations

D.  Sanctions

E.  Witnesses

F.  Documentation


III.  Covenant = Extended Kinship


IV.  Hierarchy of the Law

A.  Two Great Commandments - Deuteronomy 6:5, Leviticus 19:18

B.  Ten (Words) Commandments - Exodus 20, Deuteronomy 5

C.  601 Commandments, Paradigms

D.  Two and Ten Are Renewed in the New Testament, 601 Are Removed


V.  The Holy Spirit