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Job Repents (Chapter 42)

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Lesson

Job announces that he has changed his outlook on evil, God’s governance of the world and his own suffering. Job knew that God is all-powerful. Now Job knows something more about how God uses his power. Should God be merciful to people who will still be evil? Eschatological is an event that can only happen by a work of God. Emergence of divine power within the historical context. Job admits that he didn’t understand the complexity that is involved in God conquering evil. God forgives Job’s three friends because Job interceded for them. God is showing his approval with job by publicly restoring him.

Outline

I. Job Changes His Mind

II. Job Begins by asserting that God is omnipotent

III. Job Assumed that God Would Eliminate Evil

IV. Not Everything that is Dangerous is Evil

V. Evil Cannot Be Destroyed Within the Historical Process

VI. Job Considers Himself A Person That Spoke Without Knowledge

VII. Job 42:6 is Difficult to Translate

A. Problems with the common translation

1. The word, "myself" is not in the Hebrew text and "despise" means "reject"

2. The word translated as, "repent" [shuv, necham, al]

3. Hebrew idiom meaning, "to change one's mind about something"

B. The phrase translated, "dust and ashes"

C. Job does not reject humanity

VIII. Job the Intercessor

A. The Lord shows deep rage toward Job's three friends

B. God demands an extravagant sacrifice from the three friends

IX. Job Restored

A. Job's vindication is complete

B. Job was right to not confess to sins he didn't commit

C. Two troubling matters

1. Nothing can truly replace a child

2. The text doesn't say that Job was healed of his skin disease

D. Job's suffering was redemptive

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