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Lecture 1: Introductory Issues

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Dr. Mounce introduces himself and covers the traditional issues in introductions, including his historical reconstruction of the writing and history behind the Pastorals, basic misconceptions people have of the Pastorals, and the survey of the critical issues often raised.


I. Historical Reconstruction

A. First Missionary Journey (Acts 13-14)

B. Second Missionary Journey (Acts 15:36-18:22)

C. Third Missionary Journey (Acts 18:23-21:16)

D. Titus not mentioned in Acts

E. Imprisonment

F. Five major events

1. Timothy was with Paul during the Roman imprisonment, and sent to Ephesus (before his release)

2. Paul possibly went to Spain — fourth missionary journey

3. Paul and Titus had a missionary journey on Crete

4. Timothy met Paul somewhere when Paul was traveling to Macedonia (“tearful meeting”), and returned to Ephesus

5. Paul wanted to go to Ephesus to help Timothy

G. Other major chronological questions

II. Basic Misconceptions

A. All three letters are significantly different

B. Timothy/Titus are itinerant apostolic delegates

C. Not a manual written to an anonymous church situation

III. Critical Issues

A. Historical problem

1. Events of the Pastorals not fit within Acts

2. Answer: after Acts

B. Church Structure

1. The church was not uniformly charismatic in the early years

2. Synagogue structure was always present, and would have developed quickly

C. Theological problem

1. Theology different — tied into the heresy

2. Terminology different — have Pauline parallels

3. Gnosticism is second century — but the PE are pre-gnostic

D. Linguistic problem

1. Style — natural variation and the Ephesian problem reflected in Paul’s terminology

2. Terminology — possibly a different amanuensis

3. Vocabulary especially reflects the false teaching

E. Authorship

1. Fiction Hypothesis

2. Fragment Hypothesis

3. Pseudepigraphy

4. Amanuensis (Luke)

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