Free Online Bible Classes | Introduction to the Gospels

Introduction to the Gospels

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Lesson

This lesson is an introduction and overview to each of the four Gospels. We’ll look at the term, gospel, and the genre of gospel. Understanding the circumstances surrounding the writing of each Gospel helps us better understand the central themes of each book. We’ll look at the major themes of each book and how to apply them. (42 min.)

Outline

I. Introduction

A. Definition of Gospel (euangelion)

B. The Gospels as Ancient Biographies

II. The Gospel of Mark

A. Background

1. Author

2. Date

3. Purpose

B. Major Themes

1. Jesus as “Son of God” (Mark 15:39)

2. Jesus as “Christ” (Mark 8:27-30)

3. Jesus as “Suffering Servant” (Isa 53; Mark 10:45)

4. The Disciples’ Inability to Understand (Mark 8:31-33)

C. Application

III. The Gospel of Matthew

A. Background

1. Author

2. Date

3. Purpose

B. Major Themes

1. Jesus as “Teacher“

2. Jesus as “Son of David” (Matt. 9:27; 15:22; 21:9, 15)

3. The Progression of the Gospel Offer (Matt. 28:16-19)

4. Jesus' fulfillment of the Old Testament (Matt. 5:17-48)

C. Application

IV. The Gospel of Luke

A. Background

1. Author

2. Date

3. Purpose

B. Major Themes and Application

1. The Humanity of Jesus (Luke 4:31-41; 5:12-26)

2. Jesus as “Teacher” (Luke 15–16)

3. The Power of Prayer (Luke 18:1-8)

4. The Importance of the Holy Spirit (Luke 10:21-24)

5. The Importance of Stewardship (Luke 16:10; 19:19-26)

V. The Gospel of John

A. The Background of John

1. Author

2. Date

3. Purpose

B. Major Themes

1. Jesus as “Son of God” and “Christ” (John 20:31)

2. The Importance of Evangelism (John 3:16-21)

3. Jesus as “Word of God” (John 1:1)

4. Jesus as “Lamb of God” (John 1:29, 36)

5. Jesus as “God Incarnate” (John 10)

6. The “I am” Sayings (John 6:48; 8:12, 58; 10:9, 11; 11:25; 14:6; 15:1)

7. The Presence of Eternal Life (John 3:16; 6:35-71)

8. The Miracles as Key Signs Pointing to Jesus’s Identity (John 9:1-41)

9. Jesus’ Private Teaching of the Disciples (John 13-17)

10. The Eternal Security of the Believer (John 6:39)

C. Application