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Humanity of Christ

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Lesson

1 John 4:2 describes the incarnation as Jesus coming to earth in the flesh. Jesus is also referred to as the Son of David in the Gospels. Jesus was able to become the mediator between God and humanity because his divinity meant that he was not a part of the problem of sin and his humanity meant that he could fully identify with humans. This is a unique and distinct role that can only be accomplished by Jesus, the God-human. Jesus suffered physically and emotionally and then died and was resurrected to new life. This qualifies him to be priest, a mediator between man and God. The title, Son of Man also emphasizes the humanity of Jesus. Apolliniarism taught that Jesus had a human body and soul, but a divine mind rather than a human mind. Docetism taught that Christ is pure spirit and only seemed to have a body. Gnostics view the body as lowly and the mind is considered higher. Monophysitism taught that the divine and human nature of Jesus was mixed into one nature. Nestorianism teaches that the divine and human natures of Jesus were sharply separated. Wesley viewed Jesus as the expression of the God of holy love, maintaining divinity while becoming human.

Outline

I. BIBLICAL EVIDENCE

A. Old Testament

B. New Testament

II. THE IMPORTANCE OF JESUS BEING HUMAN

A. Jesus as the mediator

B. Suffering and death of Jesus

C. Jesus takes on the nature of a servant

D. Jesus as priest

E. Son of Man

III. HISTORICAL HERESIES AND RESPONSES

A. Apollinarianism

B. Docetism

C. Monophysitism

D. Nestorianism

IV. JOHN WESLEY ON THE HUMANITY OF JESUS

V. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS