Free Online Bible Classes | A Harmony of the Gospels (Part 1)

A Harmony of the Gospels (Part 1)

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Lesson

By comparing the texts of the Gospels, we can trace the major periods, activities and teachings of Jesus' life. Matthew and Luke describe events surrounding Jesus' birth and childhood. We can trace major events in the life and ministry of Jesus by following the order of events in the Gospel of Mark. (46 min.)

Outline

I. An Overview of Jesus’ Life

A. Jesus’ Birth (6–4 B.C.)

B. Jesus’ Adult Ministry (A.D. 27–30 or 30-33)

1. The Passover Narratives in John

2. Jesus’ Three-Year Ministry

a. The Phase of Obscurity

b. The Phase of Popularity

c. The Phase of Rejection

II. The Birth of Jesus in Matthew and Luke

A. The fulfillment of OT prophecy

B. The Virgin Birth

C. Jesus’ Infancy

D. Jesus’ Childhood

III. The Phase of Obscurity

A. The Beginning of Jesus’ Public Ministry

1. The Starting Point in Mark & John

2. John the Baptist

B. Jesus’ Baptism

1. Baptism in Judaism

2. The Reasons for Jesus’ Baptism

C. Jesus’ Temptation

1. Common to All Three Synoptics

2. The Three Temptations

a. Turn Stones to Bread

b. Rule All Kingdoms

c. Jump from the Temple

3. The Significance of the Temptation

a. These temptations are common to all people (1 John 2:16)

b. Jesus is just like us, yet without sin (Heb 2:17-18)

c. Jesus can sympathize with our weaknesses (Heb 4:14-16)

d. We can resist temptation as well (1 Cor 10:13)

D. Events Unique to the Gospel of John

1. The Four Main Episodes

a. Turning Water into Wine (John 2:1-13)

b. Clearing the Temple (the first time) (2:13-22)

c. Jesus and Nicodemus (John 3:1-21)

d. Jesus and the Samaritan Woman (John 4:1-45)

2. A New and More Universal Salvation

IV. The Phase of Popularity

A. Introduction

B. Jesus Announces the Kingdom & Calls for Repentance (Mark 1:14-15)

1. The Kingdom as the Heart of God’s Ministry

2. The Nature of the Kingdom

3. The Nature of Repentance

C. Jesus Calls the First Disciples

D. Jesus’ Healing Ministry

1. Miracles and Mythology

2. Miracles as Testimonies of the Kingdom

E. The ‘Conflict’ Stories

1. The Healing of the Paralytic (Mark 2:1-12)

2. The Calling of Sinners (Mark 2:13-17)

3. The Sabbath Laws (Mark 3:1-6)

4. The True Family (Mark 3:31-35)

F. Jesus’ Public Ministry Challenged