History of Philosophy and Christian Thought | Free Online Bible Classes

History of Philosophy and Christian Thought

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Dr. Ronald Nash

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Hedonism emphasized pleasure as the greatest good. "Eat, drink and be merry for tomorrow we might be dead."


Philo's philosophy was based on a synthesis of Stoicism and Platonism.


Implicit "Logos" Christianity is an underlying theme in the book of Hebrews.


Plotinus lived in the third century AD and is considered the founder of Neoplatonism.


Augustine is a Latin church father, is considered by many to be one of the most important figures in the development of Western Christianity.


Augustine wrote Confessions as an autobiographical work to record his experience as a sinful youth and his experience becoming a follower of Christ.


Augustine wrote to refute some heresies of the day by focusing on the concepts of faith and reason.


Augustine writes about the problem of evil and describes evil as the absence of good.


Augustine writes to refute Pelagianism by focusing on the biblical teaching about sin.


Augustine writes to refute Donatism.


The fundamental idea of skepticism is that no one can know anything. Augustine this statement contradicts itself because the skeptic is claiming that you can know that you can't know anything.


When Augustine wrote "The City of God," he had a linear view of history.


In Augustine's theory of knowledge, he says that eternal reason and human reason are two different levels of reason.


Augustine was personally convinced of the importance of divine illumination.


The intellectual background of Thomas Aquinas was influenced by the discovery of ancient manuscripts, the rise of universities, the rise of religious brotherhoods and the rise of Muslim philosophy.


Aquinas describes faith as whatever a human can know through special revelation, and reason as whatever a human can know outside of special revelation.


Aquinas attempts to prove God's existence.


Aquinas describes four kinds of law as eternal, divine, natural and positive.


The rationalists and empiricists set the stage for Kant and other philosophers of the modern era.


Kant argued that moral requirements are based on a standard of rationality he dubbed the “Categorical Imperative."


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