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14. Qal Perfect — Weak Verbs

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In some weak verbs, the differences in spelling are modest (14.2). In others, they are significant (14.6, for example). With each of the weak verb classes studied in this chapter, the grammar will specify your level of accountability, that is, whether you need to produce the forms of the paradigm in Hebrew or simply to recognize and parse the forms. The most important verb type for which you need to be able to produce the paradigm in Hebrew is presented in 14.6.

Chapter Overview

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Overheads (PowerPointPDF)

Biblical examples (PDF)

Chapter Material

  1. Don't even think about reading through chapter 14 until you have mastered the content of chapter 13. Chapter 14 builds on chapter 13. This chapter focuses on how Qal Perfect weak verbs differ in their spelling from Qal Perfect strong verbs. You simply can't do this chapter without the strong verb well in hand. Read through the chapter once and then listen to the lecture.

  2. Listen to Gary's full lecture

  3. Study and master the content of every section of the chapter. With each weak verb type, we have specified in the grammar whether you need to memorize the paradigm to produce it in Hebrew or only to recognize and parse the forms of the paradigm. Follow the instructions fastidiously. The next quiz and final exam will be based on those guidelines specified in the grammar. The most important weak verb to produce in Hebrew is given in 14.6 with notes in 14.7. Second in importance will be one of the Biconsonantal verbs in 14.12 with notes in 14.13. Though not required, it would be of great benefit to learn each of the three Biconsonantal verbs to produce in Hebrew. Nevertheless, quizzes and exams will follow the guidelines in 14.12.

  4. Listen to the vocabulary


Please complete the following exercises:

  1. Parsing (1-20) on pp. 73-74;

  2. Translation (odd only) on pp. 74-75;

  3. Bible translations (1, 3, 4) on p. 76;

  4. Inflecting Verbs (1-25) on pp. 78-79.

  5. Exercises in 14b: Parsing (1-15) on p. 81;

  6. Bible translations (1, 4) on pp. 83-84.


  1. Exercise Six (page 76)

  2. Exercise Ten (page 77)

  3. Exercise Twelve (page 77)

  4. Exercise Two (page 83)

  5. Exercise Seven (page 84)

  6. Exercise Eleven (page 85)

Correct your homework with the answer key


  1. What is the diagnostic stem vowel of the III-ה  paradigm?

  2. True or False: This stem vowel comes immediately before the final  ה, which is also an important diagnostic feature of III-ה  Perfect verbs.

  3. What is the diagnostic connecting vowel of the Geminate verb paradigm?

  4. Do you fully understand every summary point in section 14.14 ?

  5. In the three weak verb paradigms presented in the chart on p. 151, do you know which five forms differ with respect to spelling from the forms of the Qal Perfect?

  6. Can you reproduce the paradigm in 14.6 in Hebrew? Have you carefully read the notes for this weak verb in 14.7? Do you understand what's happening in the 3fs form?

  7. What is the importance of the Hireq Yod stem vowel in six forms of this paradigm?

  8. Have you given adequate study to Biconsonantal verbs in 14.12 and 14.13 so that you can easily recognize these weak verbs in the Qal Perfect?

  9. In Advanced Information 14.18, what is the etymology of the Daghesh Forte in several of the sufformatives of the verb "to give" on the left side of the graphic?


Quiz (answers)

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