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22. Qal Participle

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As you begin to study the active Participle paradigm, you will observe that there are five forms, two that are feminine singular. You will also observe that Participles are not inflected for person, only for gender and number. Many weak verbs follow the strong verb paradigm but there are exceptions and these are studied in 22.4.1-5. Remember that you must memorize the paradigm in 22.4.4. These forms will appear frequently on the quizzes and exams.

Chapter Overview

Listen to Miles' Chapter Overview


Overheads (PowerPointPDF)

Chapter Material

  1. Read this chapter from beginning to end, but do not study it carefully until you have listened to the lecture. Give careful attention to the three uses of the active Participle as presented in 22.5 (attributive, predicative and substantive). You will notice immediately the similarities between the uses of the active Participle and those of adjectives as studied in Chapter 7. Perhaps a review of adjectival usage would be helpful.

  2. Listen to Gary's full lecture

  3. Beginning in 22.6, you will study the passive Participle. Read the material carefully. You will observe many similarities in form and function between the passive and the active Participle. Only the paradigm in 22.7 will be required for reproducing in Hebrew. In 22.11, you will learn that participles may take the definite article, prepositional prefixes or pronominal suffixes. You will find the summary section (22.12) particularly helpful for emphasizing the main points of the chapter.

  4. Listen to the vocabulary (Biblical examples)


Please complete the following exercises:

  1. Parsing: 1-25 on pp. 179-180

  2. Translations: 1-9 on pp. 180-181

  3. Bible Translations: 1,3,9 on pp. 181-182

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Which verbal conjugations do not have person?


  1. Exercise 1 (page 181)

  2. Exercise 3 (page 181)

  3. Exercise 9 (page 182)

Correct your homework with the answer key


  1. Participles are verbal ____________. Like verbs, Participles have stem and voice. Like ______________, they have gender and number. Participles do not have ____________.

  2. The inflectional endings for Participles are the same as those used on adjectives and nouns. Reproduce the additional irregular feminine singular form for l+'qo.

  3. What vowel pattern is distinctive for the masculine singular Qal Active strong Participle? What is the vowel pattern for the masculine singular Qal Active weak participle?

  4. True or False. The Holem Waw is the diagnostic feature for the Qal Passive Participle.

  5. What are the three uses of the Active and Passive Participle and how are they distinguished?

  6. Do you understand that the Holem vowel is a diagnostic point of spelling for the active Participle and that the Shureq is diagnostic for the passive Participle? These are important observations for recognition of weak verb forms.

  7. Have you mastered each of the three uses of the active and passive Participles so that you can recognize each construction and also translate each accordingly? If not, carefully review 22.5 and 22.9.

  8. Do you understand that both Participles, like other verbal conjugations, have stem and voice? Are you also clear that, like adjectives, both are inflected for gender and number but not for person? Be certain that you know precisely which categories of information are required in parsing.

  9. Are you current with vocabulary memorization?


Quiz (answers)

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