Free Online Bible Classes | 16. Qal Imperfect — Weak Verbs

16. Qal Imperfect — Weak Verbs

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Chapter 16 is one of the most important chapters in the grammar and it is also one of the fullest. For this reason, You should take more time to study this chapter. We suggest that you cover this material over two weeks instead of only one. For example, This week, study 16.1-16.11 and next week, you complete the chapter (16.12-16.24).

Take note of the requirement that you must learn to produce in Hebrew the weak verb paradigm in 16.6. All of the other verbs studied in this section are for recognition. Give special attention to the Biconsonantal verbs in 16.14- 16.15. It is very important that you read the notes for each of these weak verb types. The section with notes always follows the paradigm.

Section 16.22 (Reconstructing Verbal Roots) is the most important section in this chapter. Therein you will learn how to reconstruct a triconsonantal verbal root if one of the consonants has been lost in the Imperfect inflection. It's not exciting reading but it is the key to the successful study of Imperfect weak verbs.

Chapter Overview

Listen to Miles' Chapter Overview (part a)

Listen to Miles' Chapter Overview (part b)


Overheads (PowerPointPDF)

Biblical examples (PDF)

Chapter Material

  1. We give the same admonition with chapter 16 as we did with chapter 14 above. Don't even think about reading through chapter 16 until you have thoroughly mastered the content of chapter 15. Chapter 16 builds on chapter 15. Chapter 16 focuses on how Qal Imperfect weak verbs differ in their spelling from the Qal Imperfect strong verb. You simply can't do this chapter without the Qal Imperfect strong verb well in hand.

  2. Listen to Gary's full lecture

  3. Study and master the content of every section of the chapter. With each weak verb type studied, we have specified in the grammar whether you need to memorize the paradigm to produce it in Hebrew or only to recognize and parse the forms of the paradigm. Follow the instructions carefully. The next quiz will be based on those grammar guidelines. The most important weak verb to produce in Hebrew is given in 16.6 with notes in 16.7. If you missed it above, 16.22 will be the key to your success with Qal Imperfect weak verbs.

  4. Listen to the vocabulary


Please complete the following exercises:

Exercises in 16a:
Parsing (1-10) on p. 95;
Translation (1-10) on p. 96;
Bible translations (8-10) on pp. 98-99.

Exercises in 16b:
Parsing (1-10) on p. 101; 
Translation (1-5) on p. 102;
Bible translations (7, 10) on p. 104

Exercises in 16c:
Parsing (1-15) on p. 107; 
Translation (1-5) on p. 108;
Bible translations (1, 3, 4) on p. 109

Exercises in 16d:
Parsing (1-15) on pp. 111-112; 
Bible translations (2, 5) on pp. 113-114

Exercises in 16e: 
Parsing (1-15) on p. 115; 
Bible translations (1-3) on p. 116

Exercises from 16f:
Parsing (1-15) on pp. 119-120

Frequently asked questions

  1. In the Imperfect, how do I reconstruct the verbal root of a form with one or more of the original consonants missing?


  1. Exercise Two (page 97)

  2. Exercise Four (page 97)

  3. Exercise Six (page 98)

Correct your homework with the answer key


  1. I-י  verbs are recognizable by their preformative vowels: ______ and ______.

  2. True or False: הָלַךְ  behaves like a typical I-Guttural.

  3. III-ה  verbs are recognizable by their _______ ending.

  4. When attempting to reconstruct a verbal root, what is the key feature that helps you to identify a I-נ  verb?

  5. Do you fully understand every summary point in section 16.23?

  6. In the weak verb paradigms that are presented in 16.2, how do these forms differ in spelling from the forms of the strong verb?

  7. With a view to producing every form in Hebrew, have you mastered the paradigm in 16.6? And have you studied the notes for this paradigm in 16.7?

  8. I-Guttural verbs are for recognition only (16.8- 16.11). Have you studied this class carefully?

  9. Have you studied all of the types sufficiently so that you can parse the various forms fully? Remember to include the verbal root as part of the parsing information.

  10. Why have we been making such a big deal about section 16.22?


Quiz (answers)

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