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27. The Piel Stem - Weak Verbs

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Chapter Overview

Listen to Miles' Chapter Overview


Overheads (PowerPointPDF)

Chapter Material

  1. Read this chapter from beginning to end, but do not study it carefully until you have listened to the lecture. The first two classes of weak verbs (27.3-4) will pose little difficulty because most of the strong verb diagnostics are fully present. The only spelling differences are in the stem vowel of the Perfect. Similarly, recognition of Geminate verbs in the Piel (27.6) is easy. The only difficulty with this class of weak verbs is the loss of the distinctive Daghesh Forte in the second consonant of the verbal root which takes place in seven forms only.

  2. Listen to Gary's full lecture

  3. Read the chapter. III-He (27.5) and II-Guttural weak verbs (27.7-11) will demand most of your attention in the chapter. Give careful attention to the distinctive endings of III-h verbs (review or 25.5 will be helpful for this study). It will be important for you to understand the introductory comments in 27.7 before you seriously engage the study of II-Guttural verbs in the Piel. Be certain that you understand what is meant by "virtual doubling" and "compensatory lengthening."

  4. Listen to the vocabulary (Biblical examples)


Please complete the following exercises:

For 27a:

  1. Parsing: 1-25 on pp. 217-218

  2. Bible Translations: 5,6,7 on pp. 219-220

For 27b:

  1. Parsing: 1-20 on pp. 221-222

  2. Bible Translations: 3,4,5 on p. 223


  1. Exercise 5 (page 217

  2. Exercise 3 (page 221)

  3. Exercise 5 (page 221)

Correct your homework with the answer key


  1. Which class of weak verbs experiences significant change in diagnostics for the Piel stem?

  2. True or False. Every Piel Imperfect (strong and weak) preformative vowel is the Vocal Shewa.

  3. The Piel Participle (strong and weak) has what preformative consonant and vowel?

  4. What happens to the final consonant of a III-h Piel Infinitive Construct?

  5. In the III-h Class of verbs (27.5), have you carefully studied the endings that are highlighted in dark gray in the initial register of forms?

  6. Do you understand why the Daghesh Forte has been lost in seven forms of the Piel Geminate verb in the Perfect (3fs, 3cp), Imperfect (2fs, 3mp, 2mp) and Imperative (fs, mp)?

  7. Do you understand the terms "virtual doubling" and "compensatory lengthening" as used in the study of II-Guttural Piel verbs?

  8. In the paradigm which shows compensatory lengthening in Piel II-Guttural verbs (27.10), are you clear in every conjugation which vowel represents compensatory lengthening? If not, study the forms of each conjugation again.


Quiz (answers)

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