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25. The Niphal Stem - Weak Verbs

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Chapter Overview

Listen to Miles' Chapter Overview


Overheads (PowerPointPDF)

Chapter Material

  1. Read this chapter from beginning to end, but do not study it carefully until you have listened to the lecture. You will find that in may weak classes the strong verb diagnostics are fully present. There may be other vowel changes but not in the diagnostic points of spelling. Remember that you are accountable only for the diagnostic points of spelling. For example, in III-x (25.1), III-( (25.1) and I-n (25.8) verbs, all of the strong verbs diagnostics are present. In III-) verbs (25.2-3), all of the strong verb diagnostics are present in the Imperfect, Imperative, Infinitive Construct, Infinitive Absolute and Participle. Even in the prefect, the prefix consonant and vowel are the same as in the strong verb; only the stem vowel differs. III-h Niphal (25.4-5) verbs behave similarly.

  2. Listen to Gary's full lecture

  3. Read the chapter. I-Guttural (25.6-7) and I-y (25.10-11) verbs retain certain of the strong verb diagnostics but there are other significant spelling changes. The reasons for these spelling changes are well-understood and easily explained. You will find the summary chart in 25.13 to be an important complement to the text and chapter graphics.

  4. Listen to the vocabulary (Biblical examples)


Please complete the following exercises:

In 25a:

  1. Parsing: 1-13 on pp. 197-198

  2. Translations: 8-13 on pp. 199

  3. Bible Translations: 5,14,19,20 on pp. 200-203

In 25b:

  1. Parsing: 1-15 on pp. 205-206


  1. Exercise 2 (page 198)

  2. Exercise 3 (page 198)

  3. Exercise 11 (page 199)

Correct your homework with the answer key


  1. How do the I-Gutt and I-y Niphal weak prefixes differ from the ni prefix of the Niphal strong verb?

  2. The Niphal Imperative and Infinitive Construct conjugations use a different prefix than n. What is it?

  3. The presence of Holem Waw is diagnostic for which Niphal weak verbs and conjugations?

  4. Have you mastered the diagnostic points of spelling for each of the weak verb classes studied in this chapter?

  5. Have you given special attention to I-Guttural and I-y weak verbs (25.6-7 and 25.10-11 respectively) so that you fully understand why there are differences in spelling compared to the strong verb diagnostics?

  6. Do you understand that the Nun of the Niphal is assimilated in the Imperfect, Imperative, Infinitive Construct and the other form of the Inifinitive Absolute?

  7. Perhaps the most challenging of the Niphal weak verb classes is I-y(25.10-11). Do you fully understand the content of 25.11.1-3?


Quiz (answers)

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