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33. The Hophal Stem - Weak Verbs

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Chapter Overview

Listen to Miles' Chapter Overview


Overheads (PowerPointPDF)

Chapter Material

  1. Read this chapter from beginning to end, but do not study it carefully until you have listened to the lecture. Chapter 33 will study only the Hophal Perfect, Imperfect and Participle of six classes of weak verbs. Each of these weak verb types will show a preference for either and o-class vowel or u-class vowel. So fo example, I-Guttural verbs in the Hophal stem prefer the Qamets Hatuf (o-class) prefix or preformative vowel (33.2-3).

  2. Listen to Gary's full lecture

  3. Read the chapter. The vowel preference for each of these six weak verb types is as follows:

  • I-Guttutral verbs (33.2-3) prefer o-class (Qamets Hatuf)

  • III-h verbs (33.4-5) prefer o-class (Qamets Hatuf)

  • I-n verbs (33.6-7) prefer u-class (Qibbuts)

  • I-y verbs (33.8-9) prefer u-class (Shureq)

  • Biconsonantal verbs (33.10-11) prefer u-class (Shureq)

  • Geminate verbs (33.12-13) prefer u-class (Shureq)

  1. Listen to the vocabulary (Biblical examples)


Please complete the following exercises:

  1. Parsing, Part 1: 1-25 on pp. 259-260

  2. Parsing, Part 2: 1-25 on pp.261-262

  3. Bible Translations: 3,4,5,7,9 on pp. 262-263


  1. Exercise 2 (page 260)

  2. Exercise 4 (page 261)

  3. Exercise 5 (page 261)

Correct your homework with the answer key


  1. Regarding Hophal diagnostics, it is convenient to think of I-y verbs as originally ___________.

  2. True or False. In all Hophal Biconsonantals the prefix or preformative vowel Sureq is retained in the Perfect Imperfect and Participle.

  3. What happens to the I-n class of weak verbs in the Hophal Perfect, Imperfect and Participle?

  4. For each of the weak verb classes studied in this chapter, can you identify the vowel preference, o-class or u-class?

  5. In the III-h class of weak verbs (33.4-5), have you carefully studied the endings that are highlighted in dark gray in the initial register of forms?

  6. Do you understand the assimilation of Nun (the first root consonant) in every form of each conjugation presented in 33.6? If not, study 33.7.2 more carefully.

  7. Do you understand the etymology of the Shureq in the Hophal I-yparadigms studied in (33.8)? If not, study 33.9.2 again.

  8. Geminate verbs in the Hophal stem are challenging beacuse there is a u-class vowel (shureq or Qibbuts) and because if the Daghesh Forte in the Geminate consonant is given up in some forms (33.13.1-2).


Quiz (answers)

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