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31. The Hiphil Stem - Weak Verbs

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Chapter Overview

Listen to Miles' Chapter Overview


Overheads (PowerPointPDF)

Chapter Material

  1. Read this chapter from begining to end, but do not study it carefully until you have listened to the lecture. While you need to learn all the weak verb classes, only the III-h(31.8-9), I-y (31.12-12) and Biconsonantal (31.14-15) verbs in the Hiphil stem will require significant study.

  2. Listen to Gary's full lecture

  3. Read the chapter. 

    In I-Guttural verbs (31.2-3), all of the strong verb diagnostics are present in the Imperfect, Imperative, Infinitive Construct, Infinitive Absolute and Participle. Only the spelling of the Perfect will demand you attention. III-) verbs (31.6-7) behave similarly.

    In III-x/( weak verbs (31.4-5), the strong verb diagnostics are almost fully present, even in the Perfect. There are few minor stem vowel differences in selected forms of the Imperfect and Imperative. Such minor variations should not present and difficulty in terms of identifying these Hiphil forms. These will not be subject to examination.

    In I-n weak verbs (31.10-11), the strong verb diagnostics are preserved in every conjugation, including the Perfect. In this class of verbs, the difficulty is not with the recognition of the stem diagnostics but rather with the identification of the verbal root. Study 31.11.2 carefully.

  4. Listen to the vocabulary (Biblical examples)


Please complete the following exercises:

  1. Parsing, part 1: 1-30 on pp. 248-249

  2. Parsing, part 2: 1-25 on pp. 249-250

  3. Bible Translations: 1,3,6,12 on pp. 251-253


  1. Exercise 2 (page 249)

  2. Exercise 4 (page 249)

  3. Exercise 16 (page 251)

Correct your homework with the answer key


  1. The I-y weak verb retains what consistent diagnostic feature throughout the Hiphil conjugations?

  2. Which weak verb class loses the Hireq Yod diagnostic stem vowel in the Infinitive Construct?

  3. Only the I-y and Biconsonantal verbs deviate from the diagnostic mapreformative for the Hiphil Participle. What are their preformatives?

  4. True or False. All strong and weak Hiphil Infinitive Absolute verbs have a Tsere stem vowel.

  5. Have you mastered the diagnostics for the weak verb classes studied in 31.8-9, 31.12-13 and 31.14-15?

  6. In the III-h class of weak verb (31.8-9), have you carefully studied the endings that are highlighted in dark gray in the initial register of forms?

  7. In the I-n weak verb paradigms that are presented in 31.10, do you recognize and understand the assimilation of the first root consonant in every form of every form of every conjugation?

In your study of the diagnostis of I-y verbs in the Hiphil stem (31.12), do you understand each of the notes in 31.13?


Quiz (answers)

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