30. The Hiphil Stem - Strong Verbs

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Chapter Overview

Listen to Miles' Chapter Overview


Overheads (PowerPointPDF)

Chapter Material

  1. Read this chapter from beginning to end, but do not study it carefully until you have listened to the lecture. Learn the diagnostics for each of the conjugations. The observation in 30.4.3 is important and will enable you to distinguish between the Hiphil Perfect 3ms and certain Niphal forms (specifically the Hiphal Imperative ms and the Niphal Infinitive Construct) which have the same prefix and consonant and vowel.

  2. Listen to Gary's full lecture

  3. Rad the chapter. As observed with certain other chapters, so here the summary comments and full strong verb paradigm in 30.15 will be helpful in your efforts to master the diagnostic points of spelling for the Hiphil strong verb.

  4. Listen to the vocabulary (Biblical examples)


Please complete the following exercises:

  1. Parsing: 1-23 on pp. 239-240

  2. Translations: 1-11 on pp.241-242

  3. Bible Translations: 3,5,8,13 on pp. 243-245


  1. Exercise 1 (page 241)

  2. Exercise 8 (page 242)

  3. Exercise 24 (page 244 )

Correct your homework with the answer key


  1. The Hiphil stem is used to express ___________ action with a(n) ________ voice. Although idiomatic translations are often preferred, the two key words _______ and _______ convert the simple action of the Qal to Hiphil.

  2. What are the diagnostic features of the Hiphil?

  3. The Hireq Yod or Tsere stem vowels occur in all Hiphil forms except the second and first person forms of the Perfect where it is _______.

  4. True or False. The difference between a Hiphil Infinitive Construct and Infinitive Absolute is in the preformative vowel.

  5. Do you understand what is meant when we say that the Hiphil stem is used to express a causative type of action with an active voice?

  6. Are you clear on how to distinguish between a Hiphil Perfect 3ms strong verb and a Niphal Infinitive Construct strong verb?

  7. In the strong verb, what do a Hiphil Perfect 3ms and a Niphal Imperative 2ms have in common?

  8. Have you observed that a Piel, Pual, and Hiphil Participle have a mprefix?

  9. Have you memorized the vocabulary in 30.16?


Quiz (answers)


By the end of this chapter, you need to take the second of the two required quizzes. The time limit for this quiz will be two (2) hours. In small measure, it will review the verbal material of chapters 12-19. The primary focus will be on chapters 20-30. The quiz will consist of the following sections:

  • A section in which you will be asked to parse a large number of verbal forms from any of the Hebrew conjunctions (Perfect, Imperfect, Imperative, Cohortative, Jussive, Infinitive Construct, Infinitive Absolute, Active and Passive Participle) in the Qal (strong and weak), Pual (strong and weak) and Hiphil (strong only).

  • There will also be a few Biblical translations that have been taken from the requires Bible texts that you have already translated in this class. There will be a restricted use of the lexicon for these texts.

  • And lastly, there will be one or two short Biblical texts that you have not seen before in Hebrew. You will have unlimited use of the lexicon on these texts.

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