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The 15th Century and Martin Luther

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This lesson covers the Renaissance period, also the worldwide expansion, and will cover the beginning of the Reformation with the life and beliefs of Martin Luther.


The 15th Century and Martin Luther Part I

• The Renaissance period: A challenge of people’s authority

o A non-literate society

o Challenging of the Latin language

o Greek and Hebrew language become popular

o Corrupt interpretations of the Bible

o Fight for the authenticity of the bible’s translations

• Lorenzo Valla

o Accusation of false decretals

o Papacy’s prestige questioned

• The beginning of a worldwide expansion

o The Portuguese aim for India and the exploration of Africa

o The five kingdoms of the West expanding

• Queen Isabella (in Castillo)

o Aragon and Castillo united

o Fernando to get rid of the crusades (Arabs)

o In 1492 Sephardic Jews and Muslims expelled from Spain to Turkey

o Increase of interest of Christianity for convenience

• The Inquisition

o Spanish inquisition to root out false Christians

o Spanish Catholicism becomes intolerable

• Isabella’s financing for Christopher Columbus’s expedition

o Spain’s possession of the American Empire

o Exploration of India

o The dislocation of the Spanish economy

o The marriage of Isabella’s two daughters

o Spain’s rise to power

• 1483 Martin Luther

o A brief view of his life

o Vows his life to God

o His academic life

o Greek being rediscovered

o Luther’s struggle with sin

o Pilgrimage to Rome

o The just shall live by faith

o The 95 thesis against indulgences

o Challenge against pope’s authority

o Luther looking for the repentance from the Church

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