Lecture 10: 1 Timothy 3:8–13
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We now move into the discussion of deacons in 1 Tim 3:8–13. There is much overlap between elders and deacons, and yet deacons are more involved in the day-to-day service of the church and are not required to be able to teach. The major interpretive decision is in v 11 as to whether it refers to women (i.e., deaconnesses) or wives (of the deacons).
Introduction to 1 Tim 3:8–13
Basic message is clear
How are deacons and elders different?
1. Deacons are not required to be teachers
2. Titles — elders (”overseers”) have general oversight
3. None in Titus
3:8 gives us 4 of the 9 qualities
“Double-tongued” is an interesting and rare word
3:9 gives the fifth quality — 2 parts
a. Firm grasp on the gospel
b. Conscience not tainted by guilt
3:10 — Sixth quality — Proven spiritual maturity
“Blameless” is not perfect
Period of testing
3:11 — Major interpretive decision
1. “Women” meaning “deaconesses” (διακονίσσα)
2. Wives (commentary) — 7th quality
Preach: Church leadership is not a right, but a privilege
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