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1 Timothy 1:8–20

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Paul gives the theological argument up front as to why the false teachers were wrong and Timothy needs to silence them. They are legalists, applying the Mosaic Law to all Chrsitians. Rather, salvation is by God's mercy and grace as seen in Paul's conversion. But things have gotten bad in Ephesus, and Paul had to take a firm stance on dealing with two of the leaders of the opposition.


1 Timothy 1:8-11

Anticipates a objection from v 7

“Law” and the “Just” person

The FT were using the Law “unlawfully”

1. “Legalists”

2. Applied the law to all people

In what sense is the Law not for the just?

Vice list

First 3 of the 10 Commandments are sins directly against God

Begins to parallel Commandments 5-9 in closer detail

Church needs to be careful at defining sin too closely

Legalism wants to carefully define sin

1 Timothy 1:12-17

Thanksgiving (1:12-13a)

"Has given me strength"

Notice Paul's amazement

Paul's merciful and gracious salvation (1:13b-14)

Paul is not saying that he deserved God's mercy

Triad of grace, faith, and love

Paul's role in God's plan of salvation (1:15-16)


First of 5 “Faithful Sayings”

Paul lives with the abiding sense of being a sinner redeemed

What was the ultimate reason God showed mercy to Paul?

Doxology (1:17)

If you truly know the extent of your own sin and depth of depravity,

Doxology stresses the transcendent nature of God

1 Timothy 1:18-20



#7. There is more at stake that you and your church

Don't be discouraged

Prophesied gifts are the tools by which Timothy fights the fight

#8. Weapons to defeat false teaching

"Holding faith and a good conscience"

#9. Warning: anybody can fall, including Timothy

Attention turns to the false teachers

Unlike Timothy, FT had rejected faith and good conscience

Result? "Some have made shipwreck of their faith"

"Whom I have handed over to Satan" — Excommunicated

#10. Ultimate goal is remedial

Position paper on church discipline

Other passages on this same basic topic

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